Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.
One of the oldest and broadest engineering disciplines, Civil Engineering involves planning, designing, constructing, maintaining and supervising infrastructures which include facilities essential to modern life like highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals, airports and other buildings, sewage systems and water treatment facilities. Subsequently, the course also involves protecting the public and environmental health as well as improving existing infrastructure.
According to a new research report by Global Market Insights, Inc, the Civil Engineering Market size is expected to grow up to USD 11.72 trillion by 2025.
Various colleges in India offer Civil engineering at the UG and PG level, thus leading to BTech and MTech degrees respectively.
Civil Engineers generally have a lot of specialisations to choose from like:
Coastal and Ocean Engineering
Fire protection engineering
Water resources Engineering
Civil Engineering: Eligibility Criteria
If a student is planning to have a career in Civil Engineering then he/she should have to pursue an undergraduate engineering program (BTech) after completion of which students can opt for a job or for a postgraduation program in the same stream. Some colleges also offer a Diploma in Civil Engineering.
Diploma in Civil Engineering
There are many institutes that offer a two-year diploma course in civil engineering.
The aspirants must have passed class X or its equivalent examination with a minimum of 45% marks each in Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. The students must have also studied English as one of the compulsory subjects.